CDC Highlights the Importance of Early Diagnosis and Treatment for Reduction in HIV-Related Deaths

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) analyzed NHSS data regarding deaths during 2010–2018 among persons aged ≥13 years with diagnosed HIV infection. CDC concluded that early diagnosis, prompt treatment, and maintaining access to high-quality care and treatment have contributed to the reduction in HIV-related deaths. The figure to the right indicates that the number of deaths among persons with diagnosed HIV (PWDH) decreased by 7.5%, from 16,742 during 2010 to 15,483 during 2018; the rate of death decreased by 36.6% overall. The rate of HIV-related deaths decreased 48.4% from 9.1 per 1,000 PWDH during 2010 to 4.7 per 1,000 PWDH during 2017.

Other findings:

  • During 2010–2017, the absolute rate difference disparity measure between Black/African American (Black) persons and White persons decreased by 66.0%, and between persons of multiple races and White persons decreased 36.7%.
  • The absolute rate difference disparity measure for HIV-related deaths between Hispanic/Latino persons and White persons decreased to zero (3.9 per 1,000 PWDH in both populations) in 2017. 
  • Rates of HIV-related deaths during 2017 were higher among females (5.4 per 1,000 PWDH) than males (4.5) and transgender females (females assigned male sex at birth) (4.3), and highest among persons of multiple races (7.0) and Black persons (5.6), followed by White persons (3.9) and Hispanic/Latino persons (3.9).
  • Despite success in reducing rates of HIV-related deaths among PWDH, differences still exist by gender, race/ethnicity, age, transmission category, and region. Variation in timely diagnosis and treatment initiation, along with ongoing treatment, likely contributes to differences in HIV-related deaths. During 2015, delays in HIV diagnosis were longer among non-White racial/ethnic groups and males with HIV infection attributed to heterosexual contact.

Click here to view the CDC report!